Over half of the world’s forests have been destroyed in the last 10,000 or so years — the majority of this loss has occurred in just the last 50 years, occurring simultaneously with a massive increase in the human population. The incredible scale of this loss has led to significant changes throughout many parts of the world, and in recent years these changes have been accelerating. These changes include: large-scale extinction events, desertification, climatic changes, topsoil loss, flooding, famine, disease outbreaks, warming, cyclones, tsunamis, heavy tides, high depletion of ground water and insect ‘plagues’ — among others. Deforestation is clearing Earth's forests on a massive scale, often resulting in damage to the quality of the land. Forests still cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area, but every year they are being reduced. Deforestation can also be seen as removal of forests leading to several imbalances ecologically and environmentally. What makes deforestation alarming is the immediate and long term effects it is bound to inflict if continued at the current pace. Some predictions state that the rainforests of the world will be destroyed completely if deforestation continues at its current pace. Global warming and climate change are not something that to be dealt at globally, but local and grassroots levels’ initiatives are the only way to reduce them. India and the sate Andhra have a lot to do at locally.
The Bay of Bengal Coastal Belts of Andhra Pradesh state was rich in plants biological diversity and of about 2400 species of vascular plants 292 species are endemic. The utilization of indigenous plants by the coastal lives and tribal people in medicine, food, FIBER, and other purposes were very interesting. But the same is getting shortage and disappearing posing irreparable changes to the eco-systems of the coastal belts and habitats.
Based on the habitats of the Bay of Bengal, the coastal eco-system could be classified into beaches, dunes, gravel shores, tide flat, marsh land and upland. Characteristic groups of organisms including micro-organisms and vascular plants (vegetation) live on each types of shore/habitat. There is high heritage of species and genetic strains in these coastal areas. The biota of coastal ecosystem includes a great variety of plants, birds, fish, mammilla and invertible organisms. Forests and vegetation of plants, shrubs and swamp forests comprises natural vegetation on uplands and over other areas many plantations contributed to the coastal ecosystem. NOW ALRMINGLY these ecosystems is disappearing due to many reasons. And not only simply adversely affect the coastal ecosystem in terms of vegetation reduction. Now there are efforts by few to plant trees and mangroves, but none of them survived, they are being destroyed or cut & carry for sales by the coastal communities due to ignorance and for various purposes mainly for firewood.
GIT organizes seminars, trainings, workshops, school/college based programmes, Awareness Creation sessions, rallies, and such many activities. Along with our experts and resource persons, GIT invites young scientists from universities, research organizations and facilitate to address people/public/audience with examples, practical visual/audio medias etc. Some of the main topics that GIT covers are: