As part of its mandatory theme, Green India Trust (GIT) has initiated a research Study in connection with Coastal Areas – Marine Agriculture, Land Desertification, Coastal Desertification etc titled “Increasing fertility of degraded soils Combating Climate Change” and thus GIT came to understand the alarming facts about the coastal lines in terms of climate change and environmental degradation. Once the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh lined with Bay of Bengal Coastal Belts of Andhra Pradesh state was rich in plants biological diversity and of now about 2400 species of vascular plants 292 species are endemic. The utilization of indigenous plants by the coastal lives and tribal people in medicine, food, FIBER, and other purposes were very interesting. But the same is getting shortage and disappearing posing irreparable changes to the eco-systems of the coastal belts and habitats. And it also poses serious and pernicious threats to farmers and our ecology.
And thus it designed the particular project “Green Wall Creation" with focused activities and strategies based on and related to the benefits, betterment and welfare of nature, bio-diversity, Earth resources, common people, environment with a special focus to protect the coastal line soil, land and to balance the coastal biota of ecology through planting trees and developing agro-forestry was implemented over the Coastal Lines of Andhra Pradesh state starting from Nellore district. Thus GIT within a span of 4 years created a “GREEN WALL” with trees and agro-forestry varieties benefiting the entire state and people at contributing to the climate change mitigation efforts at globally.
The Green Wall Innovations:
The project is unique, for there was and is no such an innovative project ever taken place over the coastal lines, by a Trust or a Non-profit entity.
It not only simply planted palm trees over coastal belts line by line, but it was planted covering the vacant lands over the coastal areas as plantation in contour lines.
It had multiple benefits like ecological balancing, complete soil erosion prevention, agro-forestry for fodder, as the trees are palm trees people will not cut them down easily, It can firmly grow rooting over the sandy soils, no need of watering, less possibility of drying, people will be beneficial for soft-drink from palm fruits, the fallen tree branches can be used as fire wood, give shades/moisture conservation, no destruction by domestic animals, as the roots are firm and plantation in groups the tides cannot destroy the coastal line/soil/sand dunes and such many benefits.
Palm trees have more life than other trees and there are high possibility of seed sprouting without planting so to more trees in future over costal lines.
To reduce the causalities and destruction of plantation, we adopted the strategy of “Community participation” like giving responsibility to each areas’ communities through grouping them into CBOs, introducing the agro-forestry concept, their agro-lands’ protection, promises of value addition through coastal vegetations and strong capacity building too.
And thus the project was unique in nature, implementation and impacts in long run.