Green Wall :
Project Profile :
As part of its mandatory theme, Green India Trust (GIT) has initiated a research Study in connection with Coastal Areas – Marine Agriculture, Land Desertification, Coastal Desertification etc titled “Increasing fertility of degraded soils Combating Climate Change” and thus GIT came to understand the alarming facts about the coastal lines in terms of climate change and environmental degradation. Once the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh lined with Bay of Bengal Coastal Belts of Andhra Pradesh state was rich in plants biological diversity and of now about 2400 species of vascular plants 292 species are endemic. The utilization of indigenous plants by the coastal lives and tribal people in medicine, food, FIBER, and other purposes were very interesting. But the same is getting shortage and disappearing posing irreparable changes to the eco-systems of the coastal belts and habitats. And it also poses serious and pernicious threats to farmers and our ecology.
And thus it designed the particular project “Green Wall Creation” with focused activities and strategies based on and related to the benefits, betterment and welfare of nature, bio-diversity, Earth resources, common people, environment with a special focus to protect the coastal line soil, land and to balance the coastal biota of ecology through planting trees and developing agro-forestry was implemented over the Coastal Lines of Andhra Pradesh state starting from Nellore district. Thus GIT within a span of 4 years created a “GREEN WALL” with trees and agro-forestry varieties benefiting the entire state and people at contributing to the climate change mitigation efforts at globally.
Green Wall Innovations :
- The project is unique, for there was and is no such an innovative project ever taken place over the coastal lines, by a Trust or a Non-profit entity.
- It not only simply planted palm trees over coastal belts line by line, but it was planted covering the vacant lands over the coastal areas as plantation in contour lines.
- It had multiple benefits like ecological balancing, complete soil erosion prevention, agro-forestry for fodder, as the trees are palm trees people will not cut them down easily, It can firmly grow rooting over the sandy soils, no need of watering, less possibility of drying, people will be beneficial for soft-drink from palm fruits, the fallen tree branches can be used as fire wood, give shades/moisture conservation, no destruction by domestic animals, as the roots are firm and plantation in groups the tides cannot destroy the coastal line/soil/sand dunes and such many benefits.
- Palm trees have more life than other trees and there are high possibility of seed sprouting without planting so to more trees in future over costal lines.
- To reduce the causalities and destruction of plantation, we adopted the strategy of “Community participation” like giving responsibility to each areas’ communities through grouping them into CBOs, introducing the agro-forestry concept, their agro-lands’ protection, promises of value addition through coastal vegetations and strong capacity building too.
- And thus the project was unique in nature, implementation and impacts in long run.
The Financial Beneficiaries:
Physical Reach outs
Financial Reach outs
The Project Impacts:
- Tree Cover/natural Vegetation Safe Guarding: The unique and practical and log-lasting solution to GHG emissions and its main factor carbon dioxide CO2– the natural way of climate solution (At par with REDD+ Policy), According to the universally accepted 20 Natural Climate Solutions, the Tree Cover and Forestation is the first one in mitigation.
- According to universal calculation, a tree can absorb as much as 48 pounds of carbon dioxide per year and can sequester 1 ton of carbon dioxide by the time it reaches 40 years old and thus GIT planted 200.35 million trees, a good contribution.
- Agro-Forestry: In India the agro-forestry’s Carbon Storage is 31. 71 tC/ha and thus International Agencies like UNDP etc. promotes silvipasture and pastures creation. As the project areas fall under the semi-arid hot region of Deccan Plateaus, it is a one of the best model only for moisture conservation too. It sequesters more atmospheric carbon in plant parts and soil than conventional farming. The developed Green Wall alone can contribute 13.37 tC carbon storage capacity.
- Thus the project is 100% suitable and beneficial for local Ecosystem Restoration, Vegetation Creation, Natural Re-growth of Forest Lands/Trees, Livelihood of local communities, Environmental Conservation and thus to Global efforts of Climate Change Mitigation.
- The measures we adopted to measure and report was based on the IPCC, UNFCCC, UNDP’s OP5 Results like BD1, BD2, CCM3, LD7, CD10 and Cross-Cutting Livelihood & Sustainable Development and Empower
- Social Benefits: The project was a 100% social bonding project. As the project’s first priority based on to safe-guard the existing Natural Resources, Green Wall and the project developed agro-forestry and shade-trees, the project formed CECs with participation of all categories of people (Social groups), existing women’s Groups’ members (SHGs), Religious groups, Tribal families etc. The groups were given ownership of agro-forestry and the Green Wall, they own-up the project now; THUS to a real harmonious Social Bonding.
- Economic Benefits: As the agro-forestry of green nutrient forage available in villages itself, no drudgery for fodder needs, time saving, increased milk yield, more fatty-milk that increase for money, nutrient milk, more organic-natural dung as manure for agriculture/sales, individual families that invested in agro-forestry development get income etc. are some of the main income prospects for the families.
- Livelihood and Other Life-Benefits: Livelihood security based on palm fruits’ products including toddy and immensely the fruit water is a good healthy drink and soft fruit during the summer in the state Etc. jaggery is one of the main products made from Palm Tree and it use in medicine preparation too.
- Harmonious Gatherings: The GIT developed shad-trees over the public locations, bus stands, office premises are not regular meeting points by people with sharing, participation, discussions and thus to a harmony irrespective of caste and religion.
- Health: Of course the trees can give us good health through fresh air and medicines, shades and storing CO2 etc.